Since the invention of plastics in the 1950s, humanity has produced an estimated 8 billion tonnes, with only around 10% being recycled.
Most goes to landfills where it gradually breaks down into so-called ‘microplastics’ and ‘nanoplastics,’ tiny pieces of material (often the size of dust particles) which then seep into the surrounding land and river systems to be consumed by plant or animal life, and then consumed by us.
Modern militaries are perhaps some of the most reliable people from which to understand how the world will change in the next century. While politicians or media pundits can afford to speculate, there are few things which require a more hard-nosed realism than military planning.
As such, armies and military organisations have entire units devoted to trying to understand the key trends which will define the coming years. Oftentimes, creating strategy reports for the eyes of military elites and policy-makers.
I previously covered one such report from the Pentagon which clarified the effects that climate change would have upon the…
Bitcoin is an asset which was founded within, and designed for a chaotic world. The first ‘block’ was created in 2009, when the devastation wrought by the global financial crisis was still rippling throughout the world.
When this newly created asset began to slowly court mainstream attention, most dismissed it, either as a fad, a scam or something which would never leave the domain of techno-libertarian idealists.
The modern world of the oil age began with an alliance between the tribal family of the Al-Sauds who, after conquering the Arabian peninsula, needed military protection and found a willing patron in the form of the United States.
The US, for their part, had just defeated the Axis powers and found itself engaged in a battle of wills with the Soviet-led East. To maintain the vast military network which guaranteed its power, and ensure its industrial strength remained at peak condition, the US developed an insatiable hunger for oil which could not be satisfied by her bountiful domestic reserves.
A Wall Street fund manager who made his fortune predicting the rise and fall of currencies has stated that the United States’ and her currency will experience levels of inflation not seen for decades.
Paul Tudor Jones, founder of Tudor Investment Corporation, wrote an investment letter in which he warned his followers that the United States was witnessing a ‘great monetary inflation,’ which would result in the greatest expansion of money ever witnessed.
For years, academics, political leaders and thinkers had argued that the world was fusing into one single entity. “Globalisation” became the most important word on the lips of our thought leaders. Yet the last few years have shown increased resistance to it. Whether he re-enters the White House or not, Trump’s 2016 election was symbolic of a growing scepticism towards the very idea of global integration.
And it wasn’t only an American phenomenon. Across the globe, there seemed a new wave of thinkers and politicians who professed a newly found suspicion of globalisation.
As one power begins to wane and another starts its ascent, is war always going to happen?
This is the question pondered by the ancient Greek historian Thucydides who is most famous for his tract The History of the Peloponnesian War which depicted one of the ancient world’s most famous rivalries.
The ‘trap’ that bears his name refers to the idea that competition between a rising power and a falling one will always end in armed conflict. …
It’s become common to hear that democracy is under threat across the world. The dreams of people in the early 90s that democracy would spread throughout the globe after the fall of communism, as best exemplified by the ‘end of history’ thesis by Francis Fukuyama, now seem hopelessly naïve. Instead, we have begun to see the ‘democratic recession,’ where tyrants, strongmen and dictators have arisen in countries which had previously been solid democracies.
Across the Middle East, the early ambitions of the Arab Spring have died as the region’s largest country has seen its brief experiment with democracy ended by…
The current incumbent in the White House may deny the facts of climate change, but his leading generals do not have that luxury. The highest people within the US military are under no illusions about what is in store for humanity should the Earth continue its current trajectory.
A report from the Pentagon, the heart of the American military establishment, has predicted that the changing climate and global warming could completely destroy the US military’s ability to operate on a global level.
The report, originally released in early 2019, is uncompromising in the language it uses. It predicts a world…
Water has always defined the story of human civilisations. When you look at the map, it’s no coincidence that mankind’s major cities are located near rivers or other water sources.
The distinguished cultures of ancient Egypt, Babylon, or the Indus Valley all exceeded because of access to the bountiful rivers of the Nile, Tigris and Euphratus and Sarasvati.
I write about geopolitics, international affairs and technology. Twitter: @DominicLawson